Posted by Craige McWhirter on
Last edited

NixOS Gears by Craige McWhirter

I had a need to deploy vim and my particular preferred configuration both system-wide and across multiple systems (via NixOps).

I started by creating a file named vim.nix that would be imported into either /etc/nixos/configuration.nix or an appropriate NixOps Nix file. This example is a stub that shows a number of common configuration items:


with import <nixpkgs> {};

vim_configurable.customize {
  name = "vim";   # Specifies the vim binary name.
  # Below you can specify what usually goes into `~/.vimrc`
  vimrcConfig.customRC = ''
    " Preferred global default settings:
    set number                    " Enable line numbers by default
    set background=dark           " Set the default background to dark or light
    set smartindent               " Automatically insert extra level of indentation
    set tabstop=4                 " Default tabstop
    set shiftwidth=4              " Default indent spacing
    set expandtab                 " Expand [TABS] to spaces
    syntax enable                 " Enable syntax highlighting
    colorscheme solarized         " Set the default colour scheme
    set t_Co=256                  " use 265 colors in vim
    set spell spelllang=en_au     " Default spell checking language
    hi clear SpellBad             " Clear any unwanted default settings
    hi SpellBad cterm=underline   " Set the spell checking highlight style
    hi SpellBad ctermbg=NONE      " Set the spell checking highlight background
    match ErrorMsg '\s\+$'        "

    let g:airline_powerline_fonts = 1   " Use powerline fonts
    let g:airline_theme='solarized'     " Set the airline theme

    set laststatus=2   " Set up the status line so it's coloured and always on

    " Add more settings below
  # store your plugins in Vim packages
  vimrcConfig.packages.myVimPackage = with pkgs.vimPlugins; {
    start = [               # Plugins loaded on launch
      airline               # Lean & mean status/tabline for vim that's light as air
      solarized             # Solarized colours for Vim
      vim-airline-themes    # Collection of themes for airlin
      vim-nix               # Support for writing Nix expressions in vim
    # manually loadable by calling `:packadd $plugin-name`
    # opt = [ phpCompletion elm-vim ];
    # To automatically load a plugin when opening a filetype, add vimrc lines like:
    # autocmd FileType php :packadd phpCompletion

I then needed to import this file into my system packages stanza:

  environment = {
    systemPackages = with pkgs; [
      someOtherPackages   # Normal package listing
        import ./vim.nix

This will then install and configure Vim as you've defined it.

If you'd like to give this build a run in a non-production space, I've written vim_vm.nix with which you can build a VM, ssh into afterwards and test the Vim configuration:

$ nix-build '<nixpkgs/nixos>' -A vm --arg configuration ./vim_vm.nix
$ export QEMU_OPTS="-m 4192"
$ export QEMU_NET_OPTS="hostfwd=tcp::18080-:80,hostfwd=tcp::10022-:22"
$ ./result/bin/run-vim-vm-vm

Then, from a another terminal:

$ ssh nixos@localhost -p 10022

And you should be in a freshly baked NixOS VM with your Vim config ready to be used.

There's an always current example of my production Vim configuration in my mio-ops repo.